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Demographic information pertaining to Avignon and Bonaventure MRCs only. More information to be included soon.

Socio-Economic Profile of Anglophone Communities
The area served by the CSSS Baie des Chaleurs (Matapedia to Shigawake) includes 5,670 English speakers, which gives a percentage of 17.2% of the overall population.

Avignon Bonaventure Total ESP
Males 1,450 1,315 2,765
Females 1,550 1,350 2,900
Total 3,000 2,665 5,670
Total Population 14,965 17,990 32,995
Percentage of
Total Population  
20% 14.8% 17.2%

The English-speaking population (ESP) can be divided into two main groups: nonnatives, which make up 57% of the ESP and Mi’kmaq people, mostly located in Avignon MRC, who make up 43% of the ESP. The table below gives an overview of the ESP in the two MRCs, and its relative weight in the overall population.
As can be seen in the tables, the native population of Avignon MRC is significant, and makes up 7.4% of the overall population in the area served by the CSSS.

Moreover, if it is assumed that the native population prefers English as their language of service Mi’kmaq people make up 43% of the English-speaking population of the CSSS territory.

Anglophones are not evenly distributed throughout the territory. The villages with significant concentrations of Anglophones are highlighted in the table below.

Anglophone distribution in the villages

Municipality Number of
of ESP's
Percentage of
Region's ESP's
L’Ascension de Patapedia 10 0.43% 0.2%
St Alexis de Matapedia 10 1.5% 0.2%
St François d’Assise 0 0% 0%
St André de Restigouche 25 11.6% 0.4%
Matapedia 314 46% 5%
Ristigouche Sud-est 35 21% 0.5%
Listuguj 1,370 100% 23%
Pointe à la Croix 215 14.4% 3.6%
Escuminac 370 61% 6.2%
Nouvelle 160 8.2% 2.7%
Carleton – St Omer 80 2% 1.3%
Maria 30 1.2% 0.5%
Gesgapegiag 465 100% 8%
Cascapedia – St Jules   480 68.6% 8.1%
New Richmond 510 13.7% 8.6%
Caplan 30 1.5% 0.5%
St – Alphonse 0 0% 0%
St – Siméon 10 0.8% 0.2%
Bonaventure 235 8.7% 3.9%
New Carlisle 875 64.8% 14.8%
Paspébiac 95 2.4% 1.6%
Hope 75 10.2% 1.2%
Hopetown 150 48% 2.5%
St – Godefroi 95 25% 1.6%
Shigawake 245 66.2% 4.2%

Source: StatsCan Community Profiles
Note: Figures include those who gave both English and French as Mother Tongue

Population forecasts:
In the five years between the census of 1996 and that of 2001 the population of Region 11 declined by 7.8%, the largest decline in the province. During the same period, the decline in the ESP for the entire Region 11 was a similar 7.9%.

The institutional infrastructure of the community has deteriorated considerably over the last 25 years, and the average age of members of groups like the Women’s Institutes and the  Royal Canadian Legions is so advanced it does not bode well, even for the immediate future. As such social groups fold, more and more members of the ESP are vulnerable to social isolation, stress, loneliness and other quality of life issues having a negative impact on health.

It is difficult to forecast the future of the ESP. After a long period of sustained decline, recently, there has been a trend of young families and retirees returning to the Gaspé Coast, although youth outmigration continues, particularly amongst those in pursuit of higher education. A statistical look at 2004 indicated that more
people aged 25 to 34 moved into the region than left.5 Quality of life issues, the high cost of urban living, and the employment opportunities now available through use of the Internet have made the Gaspé an increasingly attractive place for young families. Through their initiative, Youth-Turn, CASA has been applauded
for its attempt to bring Gaspesian youth home.

While birth rates are low in both the English and French communities, such is not the case for Gesgapegiag and Listuguj. According to Health Canada’s first Nations and Inuit Health Programs website the average birthrate for First Nations
in Canada is 3.4%. Crowded housing conditions are a problem in both native communities, indicating significant population growth. It is probable that the population of both communities will continue to grow for the foreseeable future.


Canadian Heritage | Community Health and Social Services Network (CHSSN) |  CSSS Baie-des-Chaleurs | CSSS Rocher-Percé | Centre d’action Bénévole St. Alphonse-Nouvelle & Saint Siméon-Port Daniel | Caisse Populaire & Laurentian Banks |  New Richmond Manor | Sureté Québec | New Carlisle Fire Department | Eastern Shores School Board | Grand Cascapedia Women's Institute | I.O.D.E. | Municipalities of Cascapedia-St. Jules & New Carlisle | 3 Star 50+ Club of Port Daniel | 50+ Club Matapedia | SPEC | CLSC Paspébiac and Collectif Transport | Conférence régionale des Élus Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine (CRÉGÎM) | Youth Employment Services (YES) | CEDEC | SADC Baie-des-Chaleurs/Rocher-Percé/Côte-de-Gaspé | ESSB | Vision Gaspé-Percé Now | Service Canada | Emploi Quebec | Carrefour jeunesse emploi –Côte-de-Gaspé | Commission jeunesse Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine | McGill University | Baie-des-Chaleurs Active et en Santé (BDCAS) | Comité ATI en développement social MRC Rocher-Percé | Fisheries and Oceans Canada | Avenir d'Enfants | Québec Community Groups Network (QCGN) | Community Learning Centres (CLC) of New Richmond & New Carlisle| Complice Perséverance Scolaire Gaspésie-Les-Îles | Council for Anglophone Magdalen Islanders (CAMI) | Réseau solidaire pour le rayonnement des territoires Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine (RESSORT)| CLD of MRC Bonaventure & MRC Rocher- Percé| Comité lutte à la pauvreté et à l'exclusion sociale MRC Bonaventure| Famille et Aînés Québec| Health Canada| Department of Justice Canada| Status of Women Canada |
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